Dong Shaoxin, professeur invité
Cycle de conférences données par le professeur DONG Shaoxin (National Institute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Fudan University), professeur invité à l’EHESS.
Jesuits and the Ming-Qing Dynastic Transition (1618-1662)
During the Ming-Qing dynastic transition period (1618-1662), there were tens of European Catholic missionaries preaching Christianity in different parts of China. As eyewitnesses and even involvers of this historical event of China and the whole East Asia, many of them recorded what they were seeing, hearing, reading, and doing during this chaos, and sent their writings to Europe. Their reports, letters, and books give us a different viewing angle from the contemporary Chinese sources to achieve a comprehensive understanding of Ming-Qing transition. These materials show the Jesuit relations with different political powers of China, and their opinions, attitudes, and standpoints to them, and also their strategies to make the mission survive. Jesuit writings from China influenced Europe in different ways, and enable us to analyze the changes of Sino-European relations in the 17th century. Furthermore, these historical sources written in European languages give us a very good chance to study the history of Ming-Qing transition in global perspective.
Jesuit Writings on Ming-Qing Dynastic Transition
Ming-Qing Dynastic transition was the biggest event occurred in East Asia in mid-17 century, and had strong impacts to the Sino-European relations. In this lecture, I will talk about the survival of Macao during the transition, Portuguese and Dutch envoys to Beijing Court in early Qing, the changes and comparisons of the Sino-European relations before and after the dynastic transition. Also, based on western sources, I will try to discuss the history of Ming-Qing transition in a global perspective.
- Dans le cadre du séminaire de Luca Gabbiani, le mercredi 8 février 2017, de 14h à 17h, à l’EHESS, bâtiment “Le France”, salle 681.
The Jesuits and the Southern Ming
After the suicide of Emperor Chongzhen in Beijing Court in 1644, several reigns were established successively in south China, such as Hongguang reign, Longwu reign, and Yongli reign. All of these three reigns had connections with Jesuits. Based on Western and Chinese primary sources, as well as former researches, this talk will discuss the close relations between Jesuits and Southern Ming. The Jesuits who were serving the Southern Ming include Italian Jesuits Francesco Sambiasi, Julio Aleni, and Pedro Canevari, Portuguese Jesuit Antonio de Gouvea and Alvaro Semedo, Polish Jesuit Michal Boym, and German Jesuit Andreas Xavier Koffler, etc. At the same time, German Jesuit Adam Schall served the Qing Court in Beijing as calendar reformer and cannon maker!
- Dans le cadre de l’atelier animé par Isabelle Deron, le mercredi 15 février 2017, de 11h à 13, à l’EHESS, bâtiment “Le France”, salle 681.
Jesuits and the Tartar
“Os Tartaros” (the Manchu) began to appear in Jesuit reports in late 1610s. Since then, the Manchu had been more and more concerned in Jesuit writings, and the Jesuit attitudes, opinions, evaluations, and standpoints to the Manchu were diverse and were developing through different periods. In this lecture, I will show the Jesuit descriptions of the Manchu, their narratives of the Ming-Qing wars, and will analyze the diversity and changes of the Jesuit attitudes to the Manchu and Qing reign.
- Dans le cadre du séminaire de Cléo Carastro, le jeudi 23 février 2017, de 11h à 13h, à l’INHA, 6 rue des Petits-Champs 75002 Paris, salle Mariette.
Sino-European Relations in the Early Modern Period
- Dans le cadre du Séminaire international de l’EHESS, le lundi 27 février 2017, 17h-19h, à l’EHESS, 105 bd Raspail, Paris 6e, salle 13.