The ‘ eco ’ and ‘ low – carbon ’ promise: a critical review of China ’s experience
Balula, L. & Bina, O. The “Eco” and “Low-carbon”promise : a critical review of China’s experience. In F. Gipouloux (ed.), China’s urban century. Governance, environment and socio-economic imperatives, Cheltenham : Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 103-119. URL : http://hdl.handle.net/10451/20587 (consulté le 29 décembre 2015)
The scale and speed of China’s urbanization translate into major challenges for sustainability. Could the ‘eco-city’ and ‘low-carbon’ agendas, and the promotion of related pilot cities drive Chinese urban practice towards more environmentally sustainable solutions? We explore this question through a critical review of experience in China, identifying problems relating to the development of space, the treatment of scale and the pursuit of efficiency (the ‘space-scale-efficiency nexus’). China seeks sustainable solutions through eco and low-carbon agendas, but our review finds that current efforts fall short of expectations, and problematic patterns are repeated. We propose that a geo-administrative notion of functional regions could provide a strategic framework to address the range of design, physical and administrative planning problems, ensuring that eco-city and low-carbon city pilots result in comprehensive solutions that can be effectively replicated.
Présentation de China’s urban century. Governance, environment and socio-economic imperatives, Cheltenham : Edward Elgar, 2015