Qing Jurispractice and the Creation of the « Tibetan World, » 1772-1911
Exposé de Max Oidtmann (Georgetown University), sur le thème The « Warring States » of Amdo: Qing Jurispractice and the Creation of the « TibetanWorld, » 1772-1911 dans le cadre du séminaire « Histoire du droit chinois » de l’EHESS (http://lsc.chineselegalculture.org/Workspace/Seminar/Legal_Studies-2014). Ce séminaire se conclura cette année par une séance sur les relations sino-tibétaines.
In the late 18th century, the arrival of Qing colonial magistrates in the Amdo region presented new opportunities for Tibetan litigants to resolve conflicts. Although reluctant to get involved lawsuits, Qing officials soon found themselves dragged into a variety of matters ranging from natural resource disputes among Tibetan laypeople to large scale feuding between monasteries over issues such as the appointment of abbots, pilgrimage, and rights over property—both animate and inanimate, belonging to the estates of reincarnate lamas. Qing- supervised jurispractice in Amdo not only resulted in the creation of a new “Tibetan” code derived from Mongol law and other indigenous practices, but also generated a large body of decisions and compacts, composed in both Tibetan and Chinese, that profoundly shaped the organization of indigenous society in Amdo. By the late nineteenth century, Tibetans had become accustomed to seeking legal redress in a Qing-centered legal order that drew on the empire’s diverse traditions of jurisprudence. The fractious communities of Amdo met together in the colonial yamen to demand “Tibetan” jurisprudence. A “Tibetan world” was forged in the process. This paper is based on newly available Tibetan and Chinese language archives from Qinghai and Gansu.
Fabienne Jagou (EFEO-Institut d’Asie Orientale de Lyon) discutera quelques aspects de cet exposé en guise d’introduction à la discussion générale.
22 mai 2015, à partir de 14h00
Collège de France au 52 rue du Cardinal-Lemoine, 75005 Paris.